Gorilla trekking is popular among the safaris, and various national parks exhibit gorillas in their natural habitat. The most prominent among them include Mgahinga National Park in Uganda, Virunga National Park in the DRC, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Despite the best government and private efforts, there is a lot to be done for protecting the species. Some of the ways to support the case include, spreading the work about gorilla tourism. It helps create awareness and generate funds for the cause. Befriend a gorilla at the Friend a Gorilla campaign helping to protect the gorillas. The initiative was started by the Uganda Wildlife Authority at a cost of $1 to become a friend of a gorilla at the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.
The Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network and the International Gorilla Conservation Programme have launched the Gorilla Friendly Pledge to create awareness on minimizing the risk of transmitting diseases from humans. Share your feedback about the trip. Your gorilla safari experience could be an eye opening experience to many others. It helps to promote Gorilla tourism. There are NGO, Inter-Government organizations and other bodies working towards protecting the species. Take part in the effort by donating to the cause of protecting mountain gorillas from extinction.
About five million years ago, the African apes like the gorillas, bonobos and chimpanzees diverged from a common ancestor, and they all belong to family Hominidae. They walk on all fours, which is called quadrupedalism. They carry their head and torso’s weight with the help of their knuckles. There are two species of gorilla. They are the Western gorilla and Eastern gorilla. Western has two subspecies called Western Lowland and Crosses River Gorilla whereas the Eastern gorilla has the subspecies of eastern lowland and the mountain gorilla.
It has been proved that gorillas portray individual personalities. They are also found to be capable of expressing emotions like grief. The gorillas live in sociable groups which are often led by male gorilla called silver back. This name is because the male is old and has silver hairs on its back. The group has females and infants. When other male gorillas grow up, they move away from their group to form a new group or join other groups. Different groups are found to live and co-exist in the same area peacefully.
Social bonds are reinforced by a group by social grooming. They groom each other by combing them using their teeth and fingers. They are mostly herbivores, and their diets comprise mainly of leaves, stems, fruits, shoots and sometimes include caterpillars, snails, grubs, ants, and termites.
The females start reproducing at around ten years of age and reproduce every 3-4 years. When a female is in estrus cycle, she can be conceived only for 3 days in a month. They also have gestation period like that of humans, which extends up to 9 months. The young gorillas weigh around 4 pounds, and the growth rate is twice as fast as human offspring. They all nest in the ground and have the ability to our simple tools like stones and sticks. They are usually quiet animals but use various noises to communicate whenever necessary.
The mountain gorilla is a huge ape that inhabits the volcanic slopes of Africa. They have very few predators, and yet they have been listed as endangered species. This is mainly because of the human activities such as wars, poaching, habitat destruction, etc.
At present, this endangered species of mountain gorilla’s habitat is constrained within the boundaries of national parks of Africa. One is the scenic Bwindi National Park situated in Uganda, and the other is distributed among the three national parks in the region of Rwanda, Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. Mountain gorillas are shy, but they are extremely strong. When they feel threatened, they turn ferocious and attack the intruder. The group leader will protect the group by charging at the threat, and the mother will protect the young ones even by fighting in the face of death.
The life span of the mountain gorillas is 30 years, and the group is led by an alpha male, which is often the oldest male in the group. The troops also have females, infants, and younger males. The alpha silverback also maintains order and has control over the activities of the group. They also schedule the resting time, travel and feeding trips. This species is listed as critically endangered by IUCN’s Red List. Poaching and wars are seen as the main reason for their endangered status.